When your child is given a prescription for antibiotics, here are some important guidelines to follow:
Make sure that you give the medicine exactly as directed. That means having your child take the recommended dose according to the schedule on the label (eg, 1, 2, or 3 times a day).
Your child needs to take the entire course of antibiotics. This means that if your pediatrician prescribes taking the medicine for 10 days, be sure your child takes it for the full 10 days, even if he’s feeling better before then. If he stops taking the medicine early, some of the microbes may stay in your child’s body and continue to multiply. This may cause another infection or mutate to a new form that could be resistant to future treatment. With some illnesses, complications can develop if the infection is not completely wiped out.
Never give your child antibiotics that were prescribed for another person or for an earlier illness, including those that you may have in your medicine cabinet. Your leftover antibiotic may be the wrong one for the problem you are treating, it may be outdated, or you may only have enough for an incomplete course of treatment. This can cause growth of resistant microbes and a longer and more serious infection. Throw out any leftover pills—don’t save them for future use. (If medicine is taken properly, there should be no leftover pills!)
Ask your pediatrician whether your child should be seen by the doctor again after all of the prescribed antibiotics are taken. Sometimes, such as with ear infections, your pediatrician may want to recheck your child’s ears to make sure that all the fluid is gone.
If your child hasn’t gotten better after taking the full course of antibiotics, be sure to let your pediatrician know. Your youngster’s infection may be caused by germs that are resistant to the medicine he has taken. Your doctor could decide to try a different antibiotic instead.